Critical reasoning is the most important skill an individual can master. Logic is the foundation of critical thinking. Logical fallacies are the most commonly found errors in debate. It behooves us, therefore, to be intimately familiar with the forms of logical fallacy so that our faculties are better equipped to properly evaluate logical assertions, both in our own critical thinking and in debate with others.
Here is a quick reference guide (cheat sheet) of logical fallacies
If you're a tech person, this is probably all kid's stuff. Maybe you're very young and recently started programming, or maybe you're self-employed or a non-tech cofounder of a startup or small business who just wants to dip your toe into the tech side (a very smart thing). Either way the stuff isn't too hard to learn, and there's a lot of it, so mastering what you need to get an MVP (minimum viable product) going as quickly as possible is very important.
You've come to the right place. Let's dive right in.
HTML is verbose. Plaintext is unwieldy. WYSIWYG is inconsistent. Markdown to the rescue!
Oh wait, my blog runs on a custom script I wrote myself. Great, that means I can implement any feature I want with it. Crap, that means I have to implement any feature I want with it.
When you go to a website and the little padlock icon appears next to the URL, that shows two things: That you are interacting with the website over an encrypted connection, and that the website really is who it says it is. This dual-purpose nature of the HTTPS protocol (SSL or TLS) is why it has become a standard: it protects you in both ways. But it presents a huge gap in the way the internet can be used, and it's the browsers' fault (Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari, etc). Practically all browsers treat this issue the same way, and it's the wrong way.
Sometimes, always, it's desirable to allow encryption without any identity guarantee. Of course, if a website wants to provide both, it can, and it should even be afforded special notice for being extra-secure. You want your bank and certain other websites to be as secure as possible, after all. However, little-guy web servers shouldn't be punished for wanting to protect the user by using encryption even if they can't or won't guarantee their identity (for various reasons), which is exactly what happens in all major browsers: